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Typical Circumstances That Cause Foot Swelling

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According to “Healthline”, swollen feet, medically known as peripheral edema, can be a discomforting condition affecting people of all ages.

While occasional foot swelling may be benign, persistent or sudden onset of swelling might indicate an underlying health issue. Below are some common conditions that contribute to swelling of the feet.

Fluid Retention

One of the primary causes of swollen feet is fluid retention. This can result from an imbalance in the body’s fluid regulation, often linked to conditions like kidney disorders, heart failure, or liver disease.

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When these organs struggle to eliminate excess fluid, it accumulates in the lower extremities, causing swelling.

Venous Insufficiency

Poor blood circulation in the legs, often due to weakened valves in the veins, can lead to a condition called venous insufficiency.

When blood struggles to return to the heart efficiently, it pools in the lower extremities, causing swelling and discomfort.

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Pregnancy

Swollen feet are a common occurrence during pregnancy. Hormonal changes, increased blood volume, and pressure on blood vessels from the growing uterus can contribute to fluid retention in the lower extremities.

Infection and Injuries

Localized swelling in the feet can also be attributed to infections or injuries. Conditions such as cellulitis or a sprained ankle can cause inflammation and fluid buildup.

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Medication Side Effects

Certain medications, including some anti-hypertensive drugs, steroids, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), may lead to swelling of the feet as a side effect.

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